Anorexia is characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image. Individuals with anorexia often restrict their food intake severely, leading to dangerous levels of weight loss. It’s important to note that anorexia is not just about food; it’s a way to cope with underlying emotional issues.
Bulimia involves a cycle of binge eating followed by purging behaviors, such as vomiting, excessive exercise, or laxative use. This condition is also deeply rooted in emotional distress and a negative self-image.
Binge-eating disorder involves recurrent episodes of consuming large amounts of food without compensatory purging behaviors. Feelings of guilt, shame, and loss of control often accompany these episodes.
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID):
ARFID is a condition where individuals have a limited range of foods they are willing to eat. It is not driven by a desire for weight loss but rather a fear of the consequences of eating certain foods.
Orthorexia is an obsession with healthy eating to an extreme degree. Individuals with orthorexia focus excessively on the quality and purity of their food, which can have negative impacts on their physical and mental health.